SDG #11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

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#11 Sustainable Cities and Communities


Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable. Urbanization along with overall population growth could add another 2.5 billion people to urban populations by 2050[1]. Therefore targets specified in this goal have much to do with providing adequate and equitable services to accommodate the large influx of people moving to urban areas and the opportunities to promote sustainable lifestyles as a result. It includes targets for providing safe and affordable housing, upgrading slums, as well as…

  • Improving road safety and expanding public transport
  • Significantly reducing number of deaths and those affected by them
  • Decreasing direct economic losses relative to global GDP caused by disasters; emphasis on protecting those most vulnerable such as those in marginalised communities
  • Reducing adverse per capita environmental impact of cities; to live within their own means and paying attention to air quality and municipal/other waste management
  • Providing universal access to safe and inclusive green public spaces

Equally important to building sustainable cities are the social, political, and financial aspects, which according to this goal should support positive interdisciplinary links between urban, suburban, and rural areas as well adaptable policies to support migration in the face of climate change.

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Targets included in this goal:


By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums


By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons


By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries


Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage


By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations


By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management


By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities


Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning


By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels


Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

[1] World Bank, 2015. World’s population increasingly urban with more than half living in urban areas. New York.

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