#12 Responsible Consumption
Challenges the unsustainable consumption and production patterns of countries worldwide—consumption still remains an indicator for economic prosperity and productivity. It is essential to decouple consumption from economic success. This goal prioritizes production as a function of environmental sustainability—such as halving the per capita global food waste at retail and consumer levels along with production and supply chains. Rationalizing the inefficiency in subsidizing the use of fossil fuels is also paramount to address wasteful consumption.
Encouraging companies to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle, as well promoting public procurement practices ensures all stakeholders and citizens have the necessary information for sustainable life. Stress is also placed on encouraging and supporting developing countries in strengthening their practices and monitoring tools for sustainable tourism—ones that specifically create jobs and promote local culture/products.
Targets included in this goal:
Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities
By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities