SDG #15: Life on Land

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#15 Life on Land

Aim is to protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, combat deforestation and desertification, and halt/reverse land degradation and biodiversity loss. This is also central to maintaining habitable conditions for life. Targets are set to ensure conservation, restoration, and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems and their services which, much like marine ecosystems, warrant an urgent response. Emphasis is placed on…

  • Restoring degraded soil
  • Protecting and preventing the extinction of threatened species
  • Ending poaching and trafficking of protected species; address the demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
  • Integrating ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning
  • Significantly increasing financial support from all sources to sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

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Targets included:

15.1

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements

15.2

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally

15.3

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world

15.4

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development

15.5

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species

15.6

Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed

15.7

Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products

15.8

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species

15.9

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

15.a

Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems

15.b

Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation

15.c

Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

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