SDG #6: Clean Water and Sanitation

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#6 Clean Water and Sanitation:

The importance of this goal is to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. This is one of the most pressing of the SDGs; it includes emphasis to end open defecation and to aid women, girls, and those with disabilities in vulnerable situations. It also challenges nations to…

  • Reduce pollution
  • Eliminate dumping
  • Minimize release of hazardous chemicals and materials
  • Halve the proportion of untreated wastewater
  • Increase recycling and safe reuse globally

It stresses ensuring sustainable withdrawals without imposing damage on water-related ecosystems such as mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers, and lakes. Finally, it calls for international support, cooperation, and capacity building for developing countries regarding water related activities such as harvesting, desalinization, and waste-water treatment. While this may be an investment initially, it will strengthen the participation of local communities improving their water quality and sanitation management for the future.

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Targets included in this goal:


By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity


By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes


By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies


Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

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