Beyond GDP

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Beyond GDP is an initiative of the European Union and is about developing indicators that are as clear and appealing as GDP, but more inclusive of environmental and social aspects of progress. Economic indicators such as GDP were never designed to be comprehensive measures of prosperity and well-being. We need adequate indicators to address global challenges of the 21st century such as climate change, poverty, resource depletion, health and quality of life.




In November 2007, the European Commission and the European Parliament together with the Club of Rome, OECD and WWF hosted the high-level conference “Beyond GDP” with the objectives of clarifying which indices are most appropriate to measure progress, and how these can best be integrated into the decision-making process and taken up by public debate. The conference brought together over 650 policy makers, experts and civil society representatives to address these critical issues.

On 20 August 2009, the European Commission released its Communication “GDP and beyond: Measuring progress in a changing world”. The Communication—a direct outcome of the Beyond GDP conference—outlines an EU roadmap with five key actions to improve our indicators of progress in ways that meet citizens’ concerns and make the most of new technical and political developments. [1]


In 2010, a Joint Report requested by the Franco-German Ministerial Council was released by the French Conseil d’Analyse Économique (CAE) and the German Council of Economic Experts on “Monitoring economic performance, quality of life and sustainability.”


The Committee of the Regions at its 86th plenary session, held on 5 and 6 October 2010 (meeting of 5 October) adopted the own Opinion on “Measuring progress – GDP and beyond”. See full document: File:CDR163-2010 FIN AC EN.doc


The European Economic and Social Committee at its 479th plenary session, held on 28 and 29 March 2012 (meeting of 29 March)adopted the own Opinion on “GDP and beyond – the involvement of civil society in choosing complementary indicators. See full document File:Ces814-2012 ac en.doc



  1. Beyond GDP Website


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