The UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-water (GLAAS) monitors the efforts and approaches to extend and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) systems and services. The components of the “enabling environment” include government policy and institutional frameworks; the volume, sources and targeting of investment; the human resource base; the nature of external assistance;
and performance. GLAAS also analyses the factors associated with progress, or lack thereof, in order to identify drivers and bottlenecks, knowledge gaps, strengths, weaknesses and challenges, and priorities and successes, and to facilitate benchmarking across countries.
The 2012 UN-Water GLAAS report presents data received from 75 developing countries, covering all the Millennium Development Goal (MDG)
regions, of which 38 from Northern and Sub-Saharan Africa, and from 24 external support agencies (ESAs), representing approximately 90% of
official development assistance (ODA) for sanitation and drinking-water.
The report shows that between 1990 and 2010, over 321 million in Africa people gained access to improved water sources and 189 million people gained access to improved sanitation. In Africa financing is insufficient and the institutional capacity to absorb what is available is limited. The danger of slippage against the MDG target is real.
Among other findings, the report shows that despite increasing political will, there is insufficient domestic financing for WASH overall, with particularly serious shortfalls for sanitation. This is exacerbated by difficulties in spending the limited funds that are received