• Outcomes for People

    Introduction Well-being is a state of being that encompasses several multidimensional human conditions. Its meaning reflects how people’s quality of life can be. It can be measured by a subjective and objective perspective, both representing a dimension of the state of nature. Over the last 40 years, economists, researchers and think tank have used a […]

  • Oceans and Seas

      Oceans and Seas   Oceans and seas are the main components of the Earth’s hydrosphere. They cover about 70.9 per cent of the earth’s surface and represent the greater natural reserves among  ecosystems.[1] The importance of oceans and seas is related to fisheries and shipping routes, but also to the creation of oxygen and several chemical […]

  • National Income

          National Income Gross National Income (GNI) is defined as GDP (Gross Domestic Product; income generated by production activities on economic territory of that particular country) plus the net receipts from wages, salaries, property income taxes, and subsidies of the country’s citizens abroad minus the income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents. […]

  • Material Well-Being

      Material Well-being Definition Material well-being is one dimension of human well-being. Material well-being is measured through income, consumption patterns or assets/wealth. In developing countries, assets of poor people often include land or livestock. No unique definition exists but the concept is most often thought as representing the stock of wealth used to generate well-being. […]

  • Freshwater: In Society

      Freshwater Freshwater resources have major environmental and economic importance to the world. Their distribution varies widely among and within countries. In arid regions, freshwater resources may at times be limited due to demand for water being met only by consumption exceeding levels of sustainable use. Freshwater abstractions, particularly for public water supplies, irrigation, industrial processes […]

  • Biodiversity

      Biodiversity The term ‘biodiversity’ was coined as a contraction of “biological diversity” in 1985. It refers to the totality and variety of life on earth.[1] The number of species of plants, animals, and microorganisms, the enormous diversity of genes in these species, the different ecosystems on the planet, such as deserts, rainforests and coral […]

  • Ecosystems Condition

    Ecosystem.jpg Introduction The term Ecosystem was invented in 1935 by the Oxford ecologist Arthur Tansley to encompass the interactions among biotic (air, water, land, energy), and abiotic (plants, animals, and microorganisms) components of the environment at a given site.[1] “Any unit that includes all of the organisms (i.e, the community) in a given area interacting with the […]

  • Freedom and Self-Determination

      Contents 1 Introduction 2 Freedom and autonomy on Wikigender 3 References 4 See also Introduction A recent study has underlined freedom and autonomy as top concepts which embody the idea of self-determination. The latter symbolises a sign of psychological and moral well-being of both the individuals and the culture. Bridging the concept of self-determination […]

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