Category Archives: Millennium Development Goals

World inequalities in the Human Development Index (1980-2012) – Time Distance View

This blog, by Pavle Sicherl, is about a Gaptimer measure, which helps perceive inequalities using time distance methodology, and presents the Gaptimer Report No. 1. This post is a part of the Wikiprogress series on Inequalities.
Inequalities in the world, between and within countries, are – together with the environment – the critical issues for the 21st century. Official data from the 2013 UNDP Report for 187 countries are here analysed and presented by the novel generic time distance methodology. The main proposition is that people compare over many dimensions and over time. The time distance perspective can thus contribute a useful piece of the mosaic in building up an internationally supported methodology to measure and assess the overall “position” and “progress” among and within countries. It offers a new view of data that is exceptionally easy to understand and communicate, and it allows for developing and exploring new hypotheses and perspectives. The analysis deals mostly with the first part of the statement of Aristotle, “Let us first understand the facts, and then we may seek the cause”.
Much effort has been invested in building statistical databases at a national and international levels, and in the notionally related field of Millennium Development Goals (MDG). Measurement is costly and it is important to exploit existing data efficiently for building knowledge and for policy debate.
Describing and perceiving inequalities in terms of percentages and ranks is not enough. Development processes take place in time and to get additional insights from existing data we complement the static measures of inequality by measuring the gap in time when two compared countries achieved the same level of the indicator (i.e., the HDI level of 0.55 was attained in China in 1996 and in India in 2011, showing S-time-distance lag of 15 years behind Sweden). For life expectancy the static difference for China against Sweden was less than 10 percent (which may appear to be small) while the time distance was around 50 years (which gives a very different perception of the magnitude of the gap, the life expectancy in China in 2012 was attained in Sweden in 1964).
Gaptimer measure gives the perception of larger inequality in HDI than percentages
The time distance methodologyapplied to Human Development Index opens new dynamic vistas of inequalities in the world. Empirically, when comparing across indicators and across time, static and time distance measures can give different perceptions of the order of magnitude of inequality within and between countries, so both dimensions matter. Gaptimer Report No. 1 ‘World Inequalities in Human Development Index (1980-2012)’ presents a new way of understanding and discussing development and world inequalities in a new dynamic framework.
In the study, Chapter 2 presents the time distance methodology on the example of inequalities in life expectancy. Chapters 3 and 4 analyse trends in HDI and its components over the three decades (1980-2012) for four human development groups. The time matrix table-graph below is an innovative way of added presentation of time series data over many units and over time (descriptors are units and levels of the indicator and the values in the field of the table are times when such levels were attained). Further details can be attained in the presentation on by groups

S-time-matrix: The world view over 4 HD groups and 4 indices (trends 1980-2012)
SOURCE: Own calculations based on data from Human Development Report 2013.

Chapter 5 presents S-time-distance estimates for HDI inequalities within the four groups for 187 countries. Further details on time matrices for HDI, S-time-stepas a measure of dynamics, and time distance inequalities within HD groups can be obtained in the presentation matrices by countries. For interested users the time matrices for countries can be obtained in the Excel format at Telling new stories in Chapters 6, 7, and 8 includes inequalities within EU27, BRICS countries, and Gulf Coordination Council countries, respectively.
Gaptimer approach is a new way of seeing the past reality revealing new stories and options how to treat and interpret inter-temporal distances and dynamic changes in composite indicators.
S-time-distance gives a rough perception of the magnitude of world inequality expressed as gap in time that can be rather different from the respective percentage measure.   The time distance between the HD groups (or countries) measured in years (or even decades) are relevant statistical descriptive measures of the situation easily understandable by everyone, balancing the static view. It indicates both the challenge of the starting point in the post-2015 agenda and the urgency to tackle inequalities between and within countries.
Potential users of this methodology and results are very many at various levels: international and national organisations, NGOs, experts, businesses, managers, educators, students, interest groups, media, and the general public. It can be used for other types of units like gender, regions, poverty groups, or inequality adjusted HDI, if data would be available.
Pavle Sicherl is Founder of Sicenter(Socio-economic Indicators Center) and professor of economics at the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
See Also:

Time Distance Progress Chart of MDG implementation
Gaptimer Progress Chart of MDG implementation 2013

Unfinished business: women and girls front and centre beyond 2015

This post, by Emily Esplen, Policy Analyst on Gender Equality and Women’s Rights at the OECD, is based on a speech prepared for the Secretary General of the OECD for a joint workshop of the DAC Network on Gender Equality and the UN Inter-Agency Network on Women and Gender Equality on the MDGs and post-2015. This blog is a part of the Wikiprogress series on Post-2015.

There is no chance of making poverty history without significant and rapid improvements to the lives of women and girls. Millennium Development Goal 3 (MDG 3) recognised that gender equality is important both as a goal in its own right and as a prerequisite to the success of all other development goals. That gender equality and women’s empowerment is one of only eight global goals has proven to be a powerful stimulus for action.

Yet despite hard won gains, we are a long way from achieving gender equality. All over the world, women and girls continue to face discrimination, exclusion, poverty and violence on the basis of their sex. The figures are stark. Gender parity in primary education has not been achieved in 68 countries. Women still face gender pay gaps, occupational segregation and glass ceilings. They hold less secure jobs than men, with fewer social benefits. 800 women die every day from preventable pregnancy and childbirth related causes. One in three women experience violence in their lifetime.

We must do everything we can to achieve the MDGs by the end of 2015. This means meeting existing aid commitments and investing in the right strategies to accelerate progress for women and girls in the time that remains. Finishing the job we started with the MDGs will also require an ambitious and inspiring post-2015 framework that builds on and expands the priority given to advancing gender equality in the MDGs.

Agreeing an ambitious agenda 


This was the focus of much lively debate at a workshop in early November in Paris, which drew together gender equality advocates from the United Nations, governments and civil society. Participants echoed the strong consensus emerging from across the globe that addressing the “unfinished business” of gender equality and women’s empowerment means putting women and girls front and centre in the post-2015 framework.This will require a strong stand-alone gender equality goal and the comprehensive integration of gender-specific targets and indicators across the new framework.
Now is time to go beyond business as usual and step up our efforts to empower girls and women. Participants were unequivocal that a new framework will need to address the structural factors that underpin the widespread persistence of gender inequality. This calls for a transformational agenda that is anchored in and aligned with existing international human rights standards. Priority must be given to addressing the disadvantage experienced by the most marginalised women and girls.

Fighting for the targets and indicators that will really make a difference 


When the time is right, we need to be ready with the targets and indicators that will really make a difference to the lives of women and girls. Already clear areas of consensus are emerging about what is needed. We know that quality secondary education has huge pay-offs for women’s empowerment. We know that putting an end to early marriage would transform girls’ lives – enabling them to stay in school, fulfil their potential and make choices about their futures. We know that expanding women’s economic opportunities is a key driver of development with multiplier effects for societies, economies and women themselves. We know that women’s capacity to influence the decisions that shape their lives is a basic human right and a prerequisite for responsible and equitable governance. We know that ending violence against women is essential for women’s full participation in economic, social and political life. Each of these must be priorities in the post-2015 framework.

Backing up political rhetoric with action


Building a framework with teeth will require adequate and sustained financing, and strong accountability mechanisms. Political promises must be backed up with the resources required to do the job. We need to gather and use high quality data to monitor our progress and build evidence about what works. We also need to track governments’ expenditure and the proportion of aid focused on achieving gender equality, and hold ourselves to account for the promises we make.

Towards a universal agenda


At the OECD, we know that there is no country in the world where gender equality has been achieved. That’s why we need to keep a strong focus on gender equality beyond 2015. It is also a potent reminder that gender equality is a universal concern that applies to all countries, including OECD countries.
The OECD aspires to play the role of “best supporting actor” in support of these global processes – recognising that real progress is only possible if countries themselves own the agenda and are in the lead. Bringing gender equality and women’s rights to the centre of government attention is a challenge for the months ahead.
Arriving at global consensus will not be easy. With gender equality and women’s rights we can never afford to be complacent – it is not a done deal. And the post-2015 agenda is a high-stakes game. But success is within our grasp if we build a broad base of support and work together with our allies in the global south to position gender equality as a “must have”.

Paving the way toward the MDGs and beyond

This blog is by Susan Nicolai from the UK-based Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and is part of the Wikiprogress post-2015 series
Global development targets were high on the agenda at the 68th United Nations General Assembly held a month ago in New York. While this involved what one colleague described as the ultimate post-2015 talk-fest, as much or more time was spent on the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and last-ditch efforts to speed progress before their end date. A range of heads of state, world leaders and celebrities weighed in with their own calls to action and reported pledges of over USD 3 billion. Covering the final two years of MDG implementation, it is vital to make the most of these commitments.
Here at ODI’s Development Progress, we asked a range of development experts how they would focus these efforts to accelerate MDG progress. Our eight contributors spanned the continents and hailed from a range of backgrounds, having worked with civil-society groups, policy think-tanks, the United Nations, and the World Bank.
We asked a simple question: ‘What do you see as the single most important thing needed to accelerate progress toward the MDGs?’ Perhaps unsurprisingly, the answers were as complex as the messy world of development. Still, some headlines came through.

Think long-term, no quick fixes

There was a strong call for a shift away from focusing on targets towards greater sustainability of approach. Charles Abugre argued that, for Africa and elsewhere, development efforts need to shift from a narrow MDG focus toward broader structural transformation. Writing from Latin America, Andrea Ordoñez called for development of long-term finance strategies as key to ensuring that development gains can be sustained. Hania Sholkamy, based in the Middle East, explored the fact that progress is not linear, contending that the processes surrounding rights and basic justice deserve more attention as they ultimately determine sustainability. Gonzalo Pizarro, who has worked on MDG efforts with a number of countries, reminds us that development has always been long-term, didn’t start in 2000, and won’t stop in 2015.

Tackle inequity and uneven progress

As recently captured in a think piece by Kevin Watkins, there is widespread recognition that inequity and uneven progress have slowed MDG achievement and threaten progress in any post-2015 framework. Debapriya Bhattacharya and Towfiqul Islam Khan stress how poorly the group of 49 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) has performed in terms of the MDGs, largely achieving only slow progress or appearing off track. Ordoñez highlights how high levels of inequality risk people falling back into poverty, especially in the face of economic shocks. Renosi Mokate, calling for a specific focus on the sub-Saharan African region, which is lagging behind, claims that‘business as usual’ approaches will not be enough, and that more attention should be given to women and children.

Address political context and bottlenecks

A number of contributors highlight the need to factor in political context more, as a key determinant underlying development action and its bottlenecks. Sholkamy calls for much more attention to be given to political context, particularly given the fact that fragile and conflict-affected states have performed so poorly on MDG achievement. Shantanu Mukherjee, working with the MDG Acceleration Framework, a systematic way for countries to development their own MDG action plan, explains how that process can help a country consider its efforts toward addressing a specific MDG and more effectively work with a range of partners to address bottlenecks and constraints to progress.

Local leadership, national plans

The central role of national and community leaders came out strongly in several of the blogs. Pizarro takes this as his central theme, using a consultation in Belize on water and sanitation to illustrate how homegrown solutions are most effective and often counter ‘expert’ assumptions. Mukherjee explains how MDG Acceleration Framework action plans are integrated into national plans, and Abugre emphasises the steady implementation of national plans alongside a review of policies to ensure they link to a broader, transformative agenda. Several writers went further, referencing the weakness of MDG 8 on global partnerships, and stressing the need to move away from aid-dependency in poverty-eradication efforts towards support for nationally driven change defined on its own merits.

Invest in better data

There is an urgent need for better data and qualitative evidence, according to a number of the authors. Abugre and others would like to see better data systems put in place over the next two years to strengthen accountability as part of a renewed development agenda. Mukherjee highlights how MDG processes have already collected a wealth of information, and that a greater focus on sub-national data is important to help customise approaches to tackling inequalities. Sholkamy calls for a broader set of ‘meta-data’ that would incorporate process, and warns against becoming ‘stuck in a methodological rut of indicators and proxy indicators’.
In the time remaining for MDG achievement, it is clear that discrete interventions alone will not ensure delivery. Perhaps it was unfair to ask what single thing was most needed to accelerate progress toward the MDGs; but fair or not, the question certainly led our contributors to define what they saw as ultimately important. Long-term thinking, a focus on those left behind, better awareness of political context, country-level analysis and plans, and investment in better data: these are all needed in the last stretch down the MDG road and form an essential part of the foundations for a post-2015 development agenda.

Susan Nicolai 

This Blog first appeared on the ODI site, here. 

68th UNGA – What’s happening?

This blog gives a provisional agenda for the 68th United Nations General Assembly, held from 24 September until 1 October, 2013. It is part of the Wikiprogress Series on Post-2015. The OECD has been very involved in the post-2015 debate. Check out this paper on what the OECD could contribute to the Post-2015 development agenda and framework.

To watch the 68th UNGA live from 23 September, click here. You can also follow discussions in the Twittersphere using the following Hashtags: #UNGA,  #post2015 and #beyond2015

24 September – 1 October, 2013
As of 19 September 2013

Monday 23 September
11:00 – 12:30
Launch of the knowledge gateway for women’s economic empowerment
(No. 16 UN Agenda)
14:00 – 15:00
One Million Voices: Data Analysis from My World
(No. 36 UN Agenda)
(link to event on 25 Sept 18:15)
·         My WORLD Survey
·         Claire Melamad, Head of Programme, Growth, Poverty and Inequality, ODI
·         Paul Ladd, Head, Team on the Post 2015 Development Agenda, Bureau for Development Policy, UNDP
·         Serin Falu Njie, Deputy Director, Policy, UNMC
·         Amita Dahiya United Nation Volunteer in India country office
Civil Society Voices on Post-2015: Messages from the National Level
(No. 10 UN Agenda)
15:00 – 17:00
Stability and Peace: Finding the Heart of Sustainable Development
(No. 52 UN Agenda)
·         Quaker United Nations Office &  Civil Society Platform for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding
·         Andrew Tomlinson (Quaker United Nations Office)
·         HE Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala (Minister of Finance the Federal Republic of Nigeria
·         Ms Ann Sofie Nilsson (Director General of the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs)
·         Mr Theophilus Ekpon (National Peace Summit Group Nigeria)
·         Dr Zhang Chun (Shanghai Institutes for International Studies)
·         Ms Carolyne Zoduah (AGENDA)
·         Mr Jay Naidoo, Chair of the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition)
15:00 – 18:00 (actual 10:00 – 18:00)
MDG Success: Accelerating Action and Partnering for Impact
(No. 9 UN Agenda-web link)
·         Executive Office of the Secretary-General
·         UN Member States
·         Interational Organisations etc
15:00 – 17:00
What People Want: A report from global conversation on the post-2015 development goals
(No. 15 UN Agenda)
·         UNDG
·         Ban Ki-Moon, UN Secretary General
·         Helen Clark, UN Development Group Chair
·         Monique Coleman, Actress and Global Youth Ambassador
·         Elizabeth Ford, The Guardian, Moderator
·         others (tbc)
17:30 – 20:30
Investments to End Poverty’ Report Launch and Reception
·         Development Initiatives
·         Rajesh Mirchandani, (BBC World Affairs Correspondent)
·         Homi Kharas,  (Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution)
·         Judith Randel, (Executive Director, Development Initiatives
·         Tony Pipa (Deputy Assistant Administrator, USAID)
·         Winnie Byanyima, (Executive Director, Oxfam International)
Tuesday 24 September
UNGA General Debate commences (All Day)
7:30 (Breakfast) 08:15 – 09:45
International Youth Voices on Post-2015
(No. 18 UN Agenda)
·      BMZUNICEF & Mexico

·         Ahmad Alhendawi (UN Sec Gens Envoy on Youth)
·         Gudrun Kopp (Parliamentary State Secretary, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany)
·         Dr. Roberto Dondisch (General Director for Global Issues, Foreign Ministry, Mexico)
·         Global Youth Representatives
08:30 – 9:30
Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation Breakfast Meeting
(Not in UN Agenda)
·         Mexico,  United Kingdom, Indonesia & Nigeria

Co-Chairs of the Global Partnership:
·         Hon. Armida ALISJAHBANA, Indonesian Minister of National Development Planning
·         Hon. Ngozi OKONJO-IWEALA, Nigerian Minister of Finance
·         Hon. Justine GREENING, UK Secretary of State for International Development
·         José Antonio Meade Kuribreña Mexican Secretary of Foreign Affairs
·         Helen Clark (TBC) UNDP Administrator
09:45 – 11:45
(No. 22 UN Agenda – link)
·         OECD OSG/PCD &  Italy
·         Lapo Pistelli, Italian Minister for Development Co-operation
·         Andris Piebalgs, European Commissioner for Development
·         Ann-Sofie Nilsson, Swedish Director-General for International Development Co-operation
·         Winifred Byanyima, Executive Director of Oxfam International
·         Private sector representative
·         Dev country representative
Voice, agency and participation – intimate strategy session – Clinton Global Initiative
(Not in UN Agenda)
·         World Bank
·         TBC
11:30 – 13:00
Tackling the unfinished business: Accelerating MDG progress
·         UNDP & World Bank
·         Heads of State
·         Ministers
13:15 – 14:30
Multidimensional Poverty and Multidimensional Measurement
of the Post-2015 development agenda
(No. 25 UN Agenda)
·         Germany, Colombia,  Mexico &  Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI)
·         President Juan Manuel Santos, Colombia (TBC)
·         Sabina Alkire, Director, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (confirmed)
·         Gonzalo Hernandez Licona, Executive Secretary of CONEVAL, Mexico
·         Bruce Mac Master, Minister of Social Development, Colombia
·         Arssenio Balisacan, Minister Socio-economic Planning, Philippines
·         Shamsuddeen  Usman, Minister of Planning of Nigeria
·         Gudrum Kopp, Parliamentary Secretary of State Germany
·         Representative from UNDP
·         Representative from World Bank
13:00 – 14:30
Side event “The Right to Education in the Post 2015 Development Agenda”
(No. 56 UN Agenda)
·         Global Campaign for education, Education international Universal Peace Federation,  OAFLA & First Ladies Community Initiative
·         TBC
13:15 – 14:45
Side event of the Leading Group on innovative financing for development :
Innovative financing for development :
what role in the means of implementation of the post-2015 Development Agenda ?
(No. 20 UN Agenda)
·         Leading Group on Inovative Financing for Development (FFD)
·         President Francois Hollande
·         Mr Philippe Douste,Blazy UN USG UNDESA  Innovative Financing for Development
·         Mr Alfredo Moreno, Minister of External Affairs – Chile
·         Mr. Andris Piebalgs, EU Commissionner Dvp
·         Mr. Pascal Canfin, minister of Development, France
·         Amina Mohammed, Special Advisor to the UNSG on post-2015
·         Heidi Hautaula, Min of Internat Dev, Finland
·         Rebecca Grynspan, Deputy Admin UNDP
·         President of the Leading Group (Nigeria rep)
·         Mr. Mark Suzman (MD of International Policy and Advocacy, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
·         + more
15:00 – 17:00
Réunion de Haut Niveau sur les OMD – L’Afrique au-delà de 2015 : Quels objectifs pour quel modèle de développement
(No. 26 UN Agenda)
·         Morocco
·         TBC
14:00 – 16:00
MDG 2013 Countdown – girls and women transforming societies
(Not in UN Agenda)
·         Ford Foundation
·         TBC
15:30 – 18:00
OECD Side Event – Global Partnership for Effective Development –
Domestic resource mobilisation within a future global partnership for development
(No. 27 UN Agenda)
·         United Kingdom, Indonesia &  Nigeria
·         Minister Ngozi
·         Minister Meade
·         Mr. Thabo Mbeki
·         Director-General Ortega
·         Zeinab Badawi (TBC Moderator)
·         Others TBC
Wednesday 25th September
All Day (09:00 – 18:00)
UNGA President Special Event on MDGs and post-2015
08:00 – 09:45
The Power of Numbers
(No. 28 UN Agenda)
·         Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation – Sweden, Colombia & Sweden
·         TBC
08:00 – 09:30
Looking to 2015 and beyond: The role for anti-corruption and governance
(No. 33 UN Agenda)
·         UNDP, UNODC & Transparency International
·         Panel TBC
·         Director general of SIDA
·         Assistant Secretary General of UNOHCHR
8:30 – 10:30
Women delivering development:  integrating women, reproductive health and environmental issues into the post-2015 agenda, sustainable development goals and FP2020
(No. 64 UN Agenda)
·         Center for Environment and Population
·         TBC
09:30 – 11:00
High-Level Ministerial Meeting on the Humanitarian Crisis in Central African Republic and the International Response
(Not in UN Agenda)
·         OCHA
·         France
·         EU
·         Ms. Valerie Amos, Under Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
·         Ms. Kristalina Georgieva, EU Commissioner for Internatioal Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response
·         Others
10:30 – 13:00
UNGA President Special Event on MDGS and post-2015 – Roundtable 2
·         President of UNGA
·         Ireland
·         South Africa
·         Roundtable 2 Co-Chairs:
·         Prime Minster Bangladesh
·         Deputy Prime Minster Ireland
·         UN Member States
·         Observers
·         NGOs etc
10:30 – 13:30
The voices of people living in poverty in the post-2015 agenda: Inclusion, participation and dignity
(No. 60 UN Agenda)
·         Caritas Internationalis, CAFOD and Trocaire
·         TBC
11:00 – 13:00
Global Education First Initiative Anniversary Event: Learning for All High-Level Meeting on Coordinating the Financing and Delivery of Education
(Not in UN Agenda)
13:15 – 14:45
Freedom from violence for every woman and girl
(Not in UN Agenda)
·         Finland, Liberia, UN Women
·         TBC
13:00 – 15:00
Tackling Water Risks to Secure a Sustainable Future Ministerial Lunch
(No. 31 UN Agenda)
·         Switzerland,  Netherlands,  Colombia,  UNSGAB & World Water Council
·         Michel Jarraud, Chair of UN-Water and Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization
·         Jan Eliasson, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations (tbc)
·         Didier Burkhalter, Vice-President and Foreign Minister of Switzerland
·         Lilianne Ploumen, Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation of the Netherlands
·         Patti Londoño, Vice-Minister for Multilateral Affairs of Colombia
·         Juanita Castaño, member of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation
·         Benedito Braga, President of the World Water Council
13:15 – 14:45
Effectiveness and accountability in the post-2015 development agenda – lessons from the MDG experience
(No. 30 UN Agenda)
·         UNDESA Germany
·         TBC
Note: The side event will publicly launch the preparations for the DCF Germany High-level Symposium, on “Accountable and effective development cooperation in a post-2015 era” (Berlin, March 2014)
15:30 – 17:00
Deauville Foreign Ministers Meeting
(Not in UN Agenda)
·         United Kingdom
·         TBC
12:00 – 15:00
A Transformative agenda for sustainable development in Nigeria and Africa: Lessons, actions and emerging perspectives
(No. 34 UN Agenda)
·         Nigeria
·         TBC
18:00 – 20:00
Global Education First Initiative Reception and Launch of the Learning Metrics Task Force Report
(Not in UN Agenda)
·         Center for Universal Education at Brookings and Partners
·         TBC
18:15 – 20:00
MY World Partner Recognition Event and Award Ceremony
(No. 36 Un Agenda)
·         MY World Team (UN Millennium Campaign, UNDP, ODI),  United Nations Volunteers, United Nations Foundation, UNICEF & M&C Saatchi
·         Ms. Amina J. Mohammed, Special Advisor of the United Nations Secretary-General on Post-2015 Development Planning
·         Mr. Richard Dictus Executive Coordinator of the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme
·         Her Majesty Queen Rania Al Abdullah
·         (Other) Members of the Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons
Thursday 26 September
10:00 – 12:00
(No. 46 UN Agenda)
·         Philippines National Economic and Development Authority &  OECD/PARIS21
·         Arsenio M. Balisacan, Secretary Socioeconomic Planning, Philippines
·         Jose Ramon Albert, National Statistics Coordination Board, Phillipines
·         Neil Fantom, Manager, World Bank Open Data Initiative
·         Chris Gingerich, Deputy Director, Data and Analytics, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
·         Judith Randel, Exec Director, Development Initiatives
·         World Bank
·         Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
·         Development Initiatives
13:15 – 14:45
Ensure stable, secure and resilient societies in the Post-2015 Development Agenda
(No. 42 UN Agenda)
·         Finland,  Guatemala,  UNDP,  PBSO, UNICEF, Timor Leste, UN PBSO, Saferworld & IEP
·         H.E. Heidi Hautala, Minister for International Development of Finland
·         Ms. Helen Clark, Administrator, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),
·         H.E. José Luís Guterres, Minister of State and of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Timor-Leste
·         Representative of the Government of Rwanda
·         Ms. Ekaterina Parrilla, Secretary for Planning and Programming, Guatemala
·         Mr. Vasu Gounden, Executive Director, The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD)
Friday 27 September
08:30 – 14:30
Global Development after 2015: The Role of Foundations and Civil Society
(No. 44 UN Agenda)-Link
·         UNDP,  Ford Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation (in collaboration with WINGS, OECD netFWD and EFC)
·         Darren Walker, President, Ford Foundation
·         Heather Grady, Vice President, Rockefeller Foundation
·         Others TBC

We look forward to keeping you informed!

Wikiprogress Team

How to engineer a “data revolution”? The OECD’s view on post-2015 goals monitoring

This post, written by the OECD’s Charlotte Demuijnck, provides an overview of the OECD’s input on target measurements in the post-2015 development framework and agenda. The OECD paperStrengthening National Statistical Systems to Monitor Global Goals on post-2015 goals monitoring is the fifth thematic paper in series which outlines the Organisation’s position on the global debate in the lead up to the UN 68th General Assembly which begins on Tuesday, 17 September 2013. This post is part of the Wikiprogress Post-2015 series.

The paper is the fifth in a series of OECD’s contributions to the post-2015 agenda. It proposes steps needed for efficient tracking of the post-2015 development goals. Despite the positive impact the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) process has had on the production and availability of data, as well as on the development of national statistical capacity, the paper highlights the need to agree on a better statistical strategy to overcome the remaining challenges for post-2015 monitoring.
As emphasised in the paper, the MDG process has significantly helped at improving national statistical capacities. Countries have risen to the challenge of delivering high quality, internationally comparable data, mainly using household surveys. As the paper states: “the average number of surveys produced each year in Ethiopia and Ghana almost doubled since 2000”. In addition to domestic funds, development co-operation was a significant driving force in this improvement. Ghana, for example, relies entirely on external support for data production.
However, some issues remain for proper tracking of the post-2015 agenda such as gaps in the data collection and analysis, as well as the exclusion and under-utilisation of national data in the MDG monitoring process. Apart from household surveys, other sources of MDG monitoring have not been sufficiently developed.As a matter of fact, only 6% of Sub-Saharan countries have complete civil registration systems and about 250 million people are missing from existing surveys. According to the authors, inadequate and under-investment in assistance for data production explains the gaps in MDG data. Another issue is that of the exclusion of national data from the global monitoring exercise leading to huge discrepancies between UN-reported data and national estimates. This has become more problematic as Murray*, among others, has questioned the validity of UN estimates and methodologies. The paper explains that the under-use of national data is due to non-compliance with international standards and poor co-ordination. To solve this issue, “better alignment of national and international efforts to strengthen statistical capacity” is recommended. In this regard, prior consultation and nationally-defined indicators should drive the post-2015 monitoring process.
 A quote from the PARIS21 webpage
Acknowledging the call for a “data revolution” by the High Level panel (HLP) of Eminent Persons onthe post-2015 development goals, the paper emphasises the OECD’s expertise and experience in creating a global statistical strategy and partnership. Indeed, the OECD, and more specifically, the Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st Century (PARIS21) offers a ready-made structure on  which to found this global statistical strategy. PARIS21 was mandated to act as the Secretariat for the implementation of the Busan Action Plan for Statistics (BAPS) in 2013, a global initiative to support National Strategies for the Development of Statistics(NSDSs). Several recommendations are given to support the “data revolution”. First, the post-2015 statistical strategy should include more data sources such as the use of mobile technology, social media etc. It should also aim at developing national statistical capacity for more reliable and relevant data in the monitoring process. In this regard, the BAPS represents “an explicit and high-level political commitment” to prioritise national statistics development. Finally, the HLP also recommends the creation of a Global Partnership on Development Data for which, according to the paper, “the logical starting point” would be PARIS21 – as the only international initiative for inclusive data co-operation.
For more information on the side event:
In conclusion, the post-2015 agenda needs to rely on existing initiatives and framework for an effective “data revolution” and global goals monitoring. To that end, the paper supports the OECD’s position as the Best Supporting Actor in the global development debate, with its highly valuable expertise and experience.  
– Charlotte Demuijnck
*Murray, C.J. (2007), “Towards good practice for health statistics: Lessons from the Millennium Development Goals health indicators,” The Lancet, 3/369, pp. 862-873.

The SDGs e-Inventory: Stakeholders outline their visions for post-2015 global goals

This ProgBlog article written by Jack Cornforth, Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future, is part of the Wikiprogress Post-2015 series. 

This month Stakeholder Forum has launched a new online tool to crowdsource stakeholder proposals for global goals for the post-2015 period. The Sustainable Development Goals e-Inventory provides all stakeholders with a platform to outline their visions for new universal goals for development, whether they be individuals, organisations or networks, from developed or developing countries, or representatives from NGOs, the private sector, or any other stakeholder group.
With the target date for the Millennium Development Goals fast approaching, attention has turned to what will happen beyond 2015 and several international processes are now working towards determining a new development agenda with new set of global goals. One such process is the negotiation track to create a universal set of sustainable development goals (SDGs), which aims to integrate the development and environment agendas under one framework.
Acting as an online repository, the e-Inventory aims to support stakeholders, including governments and intergovernmental organisations, to become better informed about the wide range of proposals, expectations and evidence-based arguments on SDGs, and other global goals for development, that are being proposed as part of the ongoing discussions on the post-2015 development framework.
Crucially, the SDGs e-Inventory is interactive, allowing stakeholders to submit their own ideas, update their submissions, and provide feedback and comments on other proposals as the discussions on the Post-2015 Development Agenda and the SDGs develop. Stakeholders visiting the site are encouraged to propose specific goals, together with targets and indicators, or they can simply emphasise the principles and themes that they think the new framework should be based upon and address.
The e-Inventory is targeted at sustainable development  practitioners, and aims to provide  users with the resources to develop their thinking, and the space to outline and disseminate their experiences of, research on, and recommendations for, global goals. Accordingly, the SDGs e-Inventory includes a capacity building component (currently being populated) to help stakeholders to fill knowledge gaps around the intergovernmental process, develop their own proposals, build alliances, and develop advocacy strategies.
There are a number of other consultation processes already underway – such as the My World campaign, which is soliciting broad priorities from the general public – which aim to gather stakeholder inputs for post-2015 development agenda. However, the e-Inventory is one of the first projects aiming to source recommendations for global goals directly from stakeholders and to feed into the intergovernmental process on SDGs via the Rio+20 mandated Open Working Group (OWG). Whilst the modalities for the OWG are still being determined, it is ultimately this UN process that will outline an overall vision for SDGs for Members States to consider in the General Assembly.
It is important to emphasise that the SDGs e-Inventory, as a project, is itself not aiming to make prescriptive recommendations for goals based upon the submissions it receives. Rather, it aims to provide an evidence base to support stakeholders and governments to reach well-informed positions on SDGs, and see that the eventual outcome takes stakeholder recommendations into account. As well as encouraging users to utilise the information housed in the e-Inventory to support their own advocacy activities, Stakeholder Forum will also conduct and disseminate regular analysis of the data. 

Reaching a large and diverse cohort of stakeholders, whilst ensuring that the most marginalised sectors of society are not excluded, will be one of the main challenges the project must overcome to be successful. To do so, Stakeholder Forum has partnered on the project with organisations and networks covering all geographical regions. These partners will not only be integral to ensuring the wide dissemination and use of the SDGs e-Inventory, they will also play a key role in seeing that the capacity building resources provided are tailored to the different needs of a wide range of stakeholders; that the information the inventory houses is optimal for advocacy purposes; and that the project receives strategic input from organisations and network with different areas of focus (both environment and development), as well as a full range of regional perspectives.
To further increase accessibility and use by parties around the world, we also plan to translate the user interface – which is currently only available in English – into French and Spanish.

Overall, it is hoped that tool will increase the likelihood of achieving a SDGs framework which fully integrates the three dimensions of sustainable development (social, environmental and economic).
To find out more, search existing proposals, or make your own submission, visit:

Jack Cornforth

The OECD Global Forum on Development would like to hear your opinions on the following major themes.
  • Post 2015: Effective partnerships for development in a changing world. Click here to discuss
  • Beyond Poverty reduction: The challenge of social cohesion in developing countries. Click here to discuss
  • Measuring poverty, well-being and progress: Innovative approaches and their implications for statistical capacity development. Click here to discuss
  • The global-national nexus and country-level policy action. Click here to discuss

    1/5th of the world’s children and counting: the increasing issue of child labour

    Tuesday of this week, June 12, marked the 10th World Day Against Child Labour. As reported by the International Labour Organisation, of all the children in the world today, more than 200 million are child labourers. This equates to nearly a fifth of the world’s children and includes nearly a quarter of all children in Sub Saharan Africa where child labour is most widespread (ILO, 2003).

    Poverty is one of the most common reasons for a child to start working, either of their own will or coerced by others.  Persistent economic constraint and uncertainty in many countries due to the ongoing effects of the 2008 financial crisis, have contributed to an increasing number of children working to supplement family incomes (the Guardian, 2012).

    There is some criticism for the stance taken against child labour based on the argument that without that income, children and their families would be much worse off. Nevertheless, a significant proportion of all child labourers are not paid and a study conducted in Brazil revealed that former child labourers were three times more likely to need their own children to work. As this finding illustrates, child labour has an intergenerational impact as it denies children an education and consequently limits their future opportunities.

    Child labour is in direct contravention of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and it is not limited to developing countries. The demand for cheap products in developed countries and responsive supply chains that use child labour spread the problem throughout the world. A 2009 report by the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labour Affairs (ILAB) listed a diverse range of goods that are produced through child labour or forced labour, many of which are commonly found in developed country homes and stores. The campaign ‘products of slavery’ has drawn on this data to produce a global map, showing where products are made using child or forced labour.

    Additionally, as illustrated by the Maplecroft Child Labour Index of 2012, which evaluates the frequency and severity of reported labour incidents in 197 countries, child labour is alarmingly widespread and growing. The Index has categorised 40% of countries as extreme risk and only 32 as low risk. Described another way, 76 countries now pose extreme child labour complicity risks, more than a 10% increase from last year’s total of 68. Worsening global security, conflict and economic downturn are put forward as reasons for this increase (the Guardian, 2012).

    Education is fundamental to achieving the elimination of child labour and functions both to prevent it and address it. The Brookings Institute’s Global Compact on Education report  Wikichild’s spotlight this week – reports that every year of additional education reduces a country’s chances of falling into war by 3.6%, and can add 10% to an individual’s annual earnings. Thus education mitigates the driving factors behind child labour and helps to address the intergenerational trap.

    An estimated 136 million children and youth are still out of primary and lower secondary school. The majority of them are girls and a significant proportion live in Sub Saharan Africa and South West Africa. Progress has been made on improving education outcomes in recent years, driven in particular by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Education for All (EFA) movements (Brookings Institute, 2011), however as these figures illustrate more needs to be done. Days such as the World Day Against Child Labour provide the opportunity to take stock of progress, what strategies work and what is left to be done.

    Hannah Chadwick
    Wikichild Coordinator